Paydays are sacred in the workplace. Some employees who can’t remember how many years they’ve been married or how long it’s been since their last physical exam can tell you exactly how many days until the next paycheck arrives. Depending on their financial situations, other staff members may barely keep their bills paid between checks.

So when employers change the regular payday, there is bound to be some backlash from employees. In addition, federal and state labor officials take a dim view of businesses attempting to use paychecks to enforce discipline or manipulate the workweek to reduce payroll.

Here’s one example of a practice that could lead to a legal battle.

Let’s say an employer has trouble with Friday absenteeism — especially when Thursday is payday. So the employer tries to coerce employees into work by changing payday to Friday for some people — depending on if they come to work.

Even if Friday absenteeism is a frustrating problem, making payday a different day only for certain people is not the way to deal with it. Once you designate a payday, it’s generally best to adhere to the policy as much as possible.

Federal Law

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not prohibit employers from changing paydays. But the law states that wages must be paid when due, which generally means the next regularly scheduled payday. Beyond this provision, the FLSA does not place requirements on how frequently wages are paid.

A Second Circuit Court of Appeals case helped clarify the legality of changing a regularly scheduled payday. The employer in the case decided to change the regular payday for administrative reasons, and sought to ease the burden of by phasing it in over five weeks. When the employees sued, the court looked to the FLSA to determine if there was a violation of the law. Here’s what the court found: The FLSA requires that employees be paid promptly, but otherwise does not specify exactly when. Employers are not prevented from changing the beginning or ending dates of a pay period if the change:

  • Is made for legitimate business purposes.
  • Is permanent.
  • Is not made in order to avoid paying overtime and does not violate minimum wage laws.
  • Does not unreasonably delay payment of wages.

Following the four-part test above, the employer was found to be in compliance with the FLSA. (John F. Rogers v. Troy, N.Y., No. 97-7120, 5/22/98)

In addition to federal law, if your company is considering changing its designated schedule, check the requirements of your state by clicking here. Most states have their own regulations regarding the timing of payroll and may also have other requirements, such as posting the schedule in a common area.


As we’ve grown, so have our administrative and payroll needs. That’s why we’ve partnered with HR&P. HR&P supports us every day with human resources, payroll, benefits and compliance so we can focus on being the best BB’s Cafe we can be!

Brooks Bassler, Owner, BB's Cafe

Since 2010, my company has grown to over five hundred employees. With our tremendous growth we needed a human resources and payroll company that could grow with us. That company is HR&P. And as laws have changed, like the Affordable Care Act, HR&P has kept us in compliance. I focus on growing Twin Eagle. I trust HR&P with the rest.

Chuck Watson, Chairman, Twin Eagle

We are the industry leader in Oil Spill Cleanup Products and have dealt with numerous Oil Spill disasters. Knowing up close what a disaster looks like we choose to avoid them in our offices. HR&P guides us through the land mines of HR, Payroll and Benefit compliance so my team can focus solely on helping our clients with their problems, and we avoid our own.

Chad Clay, Owner, CEP Sorbents

One of the best things we did for our business was to partner with HR&P. They’re the experts in human resources, payroll and benefits administration.
HR&P’s web based solutions make it easy for us to manage our employee’s needs. They also help us stay compliant with the Affordable Care Act and with “the alphabet soup” of constantly changing Governmental regulations.

Ken Dennard, CEO, Dennard—Lascar Associates

I run a restaurant, from early in the morning to late at night, our team works hard to deliver great food in a fun atmosphere.
But there’s a lot more to running a business like human resources, payroll, benefits and compliance. So we turn to HR&P.
Outsourcing to HR&P keeps us focused on our business.

Marcus Payavla, Co-Owner, Orleans Seafood Kitchen



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